ScienceDirect (Mar 2023)  – A comprehensive environmental assessment of beef production and consumption in the United States

NielsenIQ/McKinsey (Feb 2023)Consumers care about sustainability-and back it up with their wallets

IBM Institute for Business Value (Jan 2022) Sustainability as a Transformation Catalyst


Environmental Integrity Project (Apr 2020)Poultry Industry Pollution in the Chesapeake Region

North Carolina State University (Dec 2019)Modeling and Measurements of Ammonia from Poultry Operations: Their Emissions, Transport, and Deposition in the Chesapeake Bay

Colorado State University (PNAS) (Mar 2016) CSU Press ReleaseIncreasing importance of deposition of reduced nitrogen in the United States

University of California-Riverside (PNAS) (Mar 2016) EurekAlert (press release) | Conditional vulnerability of plant diversity to atmospheric nitrogen deposition across the United States

Univ of Maryland-Environmental Finance Center (June 2015) – Maryland’s Chesapeake Bay Restoration Financing Strategy Final Report

USGS (Sep 2015) Surface-Water Quality in Agricultural Watersheds of the North Carolina Coastal Plain Associated with Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

US EPA (Apr 2015) Community Based Public-Private Partnerships and Alternative Market-Based Tools for Integrated Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Veolia/IFPRI (Apr 2015) – The murky future of global water quality | Press Release

Chesapeake Bay Foundation (Oct 2014)The Economic Benefits of Cleaning Up the Chesapeake

Environmental Defence (Canada) (Aug 2014)CLEAN, NOT GREEN: Tackling Algal Blooms in the Great Lakes

Environmental Integrity Project (July 2014)Murky Waters: More Accountability Needed for Agricultural Pollution in the Chesapeake Bay

Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee – Chesapeake Bay Program (May 2014)Critical Issues in Implementing Nutrient Trading Programs in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

International Joint Commission (IJL) Lake Erie Ecosystem Priority (Feb 2014)A Balanced Diet for Lake Erie: Reducing Phosphorus Loadings and Harmful Algal Blooms

Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future (Oct 2013)Industrial Food Animal Production in America

UN Food and Agriculture Organization (Sep 2013)Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock

National Wildlife Federation/Resource Media (Sep 2013)Toxic Algae: Coming Soon to a Lake Near You?

International Joint Commission – Lake Erie Ecosystem Priority (Aug 2013)Scientific Findings and Policy Recommendations to Reduce Nutrient Loadings and Harmful Algal Blooms

Global Partnership on Nutrient Management/UNEP (Feb 2013)Our Nutrient World: The challenge to produce more food and energy with less pollution (choose executive summary or full report)

Pennsylvania Legislative Budget and Finance Committee Report (1/22/13)A Cost Effective Alternative Approach to Meeting Pennsylvania’s Chesapeake Bay Nutrient Reduction Targets

Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI – World Water Week) (8/21/12)Feeding a Thirsty World: Challenges and Opportunities for a Water and Food Secure Future

Chesapeake Bay Commission/RTI International (5/10/12)Nutrient Credit Trading for the Chesapeake Bay – An Economic Study

Environmental Working Group (4/6/12)Troubled Waters: Farm Pollution Threatens Drinking Water

National Association of Clean Water Agencies (3/6/12 released)Controlling Nutrient Loadings to U.S. Waterways: An Urban Perspective

Ecological Society of America (1/7/12)Excess Nitrogen in the U.S. Environment: Trends, Risks, and Solutions

Environmental Integrity Fund (2011)Hazardous Pollution from Factory Farms: An Analysis of EPA’s National Air Emissions Monitoring Study Data

Food and Water Watch/CA Sportfishing Protection Alliance (2011)What’s in the Water? Industrial Dairies, Groundwater Pollution and Regulatory Failure in California’s Central Valley

National Academy of Sciences (et al)Improving Water Quality in the Mississippi River Basin and Northern Gulf of Mexico: Strategies and Priorities (2010)

National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program (2010)USGS Circular 1350: Nutrients in the Nation’s Streams and Groundwater |
Nutrients remain elevated in the Nation’s streams and groundwater (Map);
Nitrate in Shallow Ground Water (Map);
Phosphorus and Nitrogen Delivery to the Gulf of Mexico (Map);

National Science and Technology Council (2010)Scientific Assessment of Hypoxia in U.S. Coastal Waters

Environmental Law & Policy Center/Mississippi River Collaborative (2010)Cultivating Clean Water

World Resources Institute (2010)How Nutrient Trading Could Help Restore the Chesapeake Bay

National Geographic Society (2010)Marine Habitat Destruction

Cornell Nutrition Conference (2009)“Demystifying the environmental sustainability of food production”

USDA ERS (2009)The Transformation of U.S. Livestock Agriculture: Scale, Efficiency, and Risks

General Accountability Office (2008)Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: EPA Needs More Information and a Clearly Defined Strategy to Protect Air and Water Quality from Pollutants of Concern

Metcalf & Eddy Report (2008)PA Chesapeake Bay Tributary Strategy Compliance Cost Study

Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production (2008)“Pew Commission Says Industrial Scale Farm Animal Production Poses “Unacceptable” Risks to Public Health, Environment”

UNESCO, UNEP (2008)“Livestock in a Changing Landscape”

Chesapeake Bay Foundation Report (2006)“Manure’s Impact on Rivers, Streams and the Chesapeake Bay”

Pew Oceans Commission (2003)“America’s Living Oceans: Summary Report – Recommendations for a New Ocean Policy” Major Threats to Our Oceans: Animal Feedlots

Regulatory / Government Agencies

Cautionary Note

The links to these websites are provided for informational purposes only. Bion does not represent that this list is complete (it is not) or presents all views on a particular issue or subject (it does not). This list is simply a starting point to make further inquiry into the economic, environmental and political issues in the areas in which Bion does, and intends to, carry out its business, There are innumerable other links and references to be found as part of a due diligence inquiry into these issues. Bion does not warrant the accuracy or timeliness of information published on these websites and shall not be held liable for any losses caused by reliance on the accuracy or timeliness of such information. Potential investors are encouraged to perform their own due diligence.